Hepatitis – Adenovirus Type-1

What is Hepatitis-Adenovirus Type I
First off, let me be very clear so you don't get confused later on.
There are 2 kinds of canine adenovirus. Canine AdenovirusType 1 (CAV-1) ~ which produces hepatitis and Canine Adenovirus Type 2 (CAV-2) ~ which is less serious and produces a cough but can turn into pneumonia if not treated.  This page talks about the Hepatitis Canine Adenovirus Type 1 which is a nasty virus that attacks the pets organs. It's most common place to attack is the liver.

 

Symptoms of Hepatitis
At first you might notice a sore throat, coughing, or even pneumonia as it attacks the tonsils & larynx. Once the virus gets into the bloodstream and attacks organs you will notice other symptoms. The inside of the mouth & mucous can get a yellow color. Hemorrhages such as nose bleeds or small bruises on the skin. Staggering or blindness.  The pet may have a cloudy or bluish tint to the eyes for a short time. (which is where the nickname "hepatitis blue eye" comes from).  As it causes liver & kidney fail, you might notice increased thrist, seizures, vomiting, and/or diarrhea, fever, depression, abdominal pain.

Death can result as soon as 2 hours after the initial signs. Sometimes pets with this virus just suddenly die without you noticing any of the symptoms. They can be alive one minute, then you find them dead. In this case, it's common for families to wonder if their pet got into poisons. But this "sudden death" does not always happen with Hepatitis-Adenovirus Type 1.

 

Is Hepatitis Contagious
Yes.

 

How Do I Know if My Puppy Has Hepatitis
If you suspect then Get to the vet right away. DON'T WAIT as this diseases kills fast. 

 

Treatment for Hepatitis
Because it's a virus, there is no specific treatment. Vets however can offer supportive care for the pets while their body fights it.

 

How Did My Puppy Get Hepatitis
The most common way to pick it up is with direct contact of an infected dog. However, they can also pick it up through contaminated objects that have been around the infected dog. If a dog has it, they will shed the virus through all body secretions, but more commonly by urine. This virus does Not cause the human hepatitis.

 

Preventing  Hepatitis
Vaccinate your puppy. I will say that most vaccines contain the adenovirus type 2, but that will still protect against type 1 infections.

 

What Age Do They Get Hepatitis
Any age can get it but ALL unvaccinated pets are at high risk to pick up the disease.  The disease is most common in pets under 1 year old.
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Disclaimer: We are NOT licensed vets. DO NOT try to diagnose or treat animals based off this or any other information you find on the internet.  If you pet is having any kind of medical issues, please seek professional treatment from a licensed vet who is trained and set up to handle such matters.
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