Puppies are growing and developing rapidly, and their immune system, internal organs, joints, muscles, and bones are a few of the developmental needs that are satisfied by nutrition. A well-balanced puppy food contains nutrients that a puppy particularly needs for development but that are not needed after the puppy develops into a dog.
Large vs Small Breeds Nutritional Needs
Small breed pups develop quicker than large breeds. They have faster metabolisms and require greater amounts of phosphorus, calcium, fat, and protein.
Transitioning to an adult dog food
You can transition small- and medium-breed puppies to a high-quality, nutritionally balanced adult formula when they turn one. Large breed dogs should switch at the beginning of their second year.
Best diet for a growing puppy
Small and medium sized breeds of puppies still developing should be fed a puppy food for all life stages or formula until about one-year of age. Large breed puppies, those larger than 50 pounds as adults, should be fed a diet mainly designed for them until 12 to 18 months of age.
How often should I feed my puppy
Puppies should eat between three to four times daily. Your particular brand of dog food should provide feeding recommendations, which you should spread out over the feedings each day
How much should I feed my puppy
You can begin by using the recommendations on the package. Customize the amount of food according to your puppy's activity level and health. You will also need to regulate the amount of food with the environmental temperature because puppies expend a lot of calories trying to stay warm when the weather is cold. Your veterinarian will evaluate your puppy's weight during regular puppy exams and help you modify the quantity if necessary. It is very important that puppies do not grow too quickly or become overweight. Altering puppies results in a decrease of their calorie needs. Your veterinarian can help you determine the reduction in food after you fix your puppy.
What about puppy treats
Treats should account for less than 10 percent of your puppy's caloric intake. Your puppy's food is his sole source of the nutrition he needs, so be careful not to fill your puppy up on treats. You can use treats during training and to reward good behavior, but be cautious and do not overfeed treats with empty calories. Instead, try baby carrots, which are also great for teething.