What are Commercial Breeders?
A person who maintains breeding females or stud dogs, produces three or more litters of puppies annually, or provides stud services for more than fifteen females per year is considered a commercial breeder. Other characteristics of a commercial breeder includes the following:.
- May perform genetic testing and additional measures to better the breed
- Breeds only dogs that are ideal representatives of their breed
- Provides guidance and advice to purchasers
- Does not sell dogs as a for-profit business
- Deworms and vaccinates the pups
State licensing and USDA approval does not ensure healthy conditions. It merely means that minimum business requirements have been met. Commercial breeders provide their breeding dogs and litters with a wonderful quality of life, the best medical care, and do not separate a puppy from the mother and litter before eight weeks of age.
AKC registry by itself does guarantee of that a dog corresponds to breed standards or even one that is healthy. In fact, AKC workers do not visit breeders, ever view the pups, and registration is normally done through the mail on the honor system.
Number of Dogs
State laws vary regarding the number of dogs a commercial breeder can have at one time. However, owning a small number of dogs does not necessarily mean that they are treated any better than a breeder with a large number of pups. A successful breeder does not sell multiple breeds of dogs, provides lifetime written guarantees covering genetic disease problems, and has the mother dog on the premises enabling observation of her behavior and health.
The Importance of Early Socialization
A responsible commercial breeder socializes puppies with cats, adults, and children. Each litter is a gamble, but the breeder increases the chances of self-confident, inquisitive, and stable puppies by exposing them to situations and events starting at birth. Puppies require exposure to a broad range of sounds, places, surfaces, and people to limit aggressive, apprehensive, or fearful responses as they become adults.
Differences between Commercial Breeders and Puppy Mills
Commercial breeders sell only to individuals, unlike puppy mills who sell to brokers or pet stores. In addition to demonstrating knowledge about socialization, development, canine health, and genetics, commercial breeders:
Provide advice on the distinct needs of the breed
Guarantee the temperament and health of their puppies
Take back the dogs at any age if the buyers cannot keep them
Individually screen purchasers and choose homes for the pups
Produce comprehensive documentation of the pups' genealogy.