What are Puppy Mills


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Understanding Puppy Mills
Essentially all puppies for sale in pet stores are purchased from puppy mills. The mills are remote, outdoor farms for breeding dogs that mass produce puppies for sale to pet stores and regularly supply dogs to animal brokers.

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How do puppy mills function?
A breeder who sells to pet shops, animal brokers, and research laboratories, and breeds three or more females is considered a puppy mill. USDA requires a puppy mills to have a breeding license, and it inspects kennels to ensure that they meet minimum criteria of the Animal Welfare Act. However, kennel operators are rarely shut down or fined when violations are found.

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Where are puppy mills located?
Although puppy mills can be found across the nation, the majority are grouped in the agricultural states, including Pennsylvania, Iowa, Arkansas, Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota, Missouri, and Oklahoma.

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Who runs puppy mills?
Puppies are produced as livestock in agricultural regions where puppy mills are viewed as an enterprise. They are seen as an income producing crop.

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How are the puppies and their mothers treated?
Expenses are minimal because the puppies are a means of income. Profit is the focus, with their welfare given little or no thought. Puppy mills typically restrain large numbers of dogs in crudely constructed, overcrowded pens. The floors are constructed of wire mesh that allows urine and feces to fall to the ground below, causing discomfort to their paws. Mother dogs are forced at a young age to produce litters, are kept continuously pregnant, and considered nothing more than breeding stock. Mother dogs are euthanized when they are no longer able to produce a profitable litter size.

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When are the puppies taken from their mothers?
Puppies are typically separated from their mother at seven weeks of age. They are then marketed to brokers who place them in crates for transport and sale to pet shops. Ten or more puppies are often packed into a single cage. Transportation conditions are often poor, lacking adequate ventilation, water, or food.

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How do puppy mill auctions work?
Puppy mill auctions are usually held across the Midwest in the spring and summer. Some of the auctions are consignments, and others are kennel dispersals. In a dispersal auction, the kennel is going out of business and is selling the equipment, tools, and all of the dogs. In a consignment auction, the dogs that they no longer want are sold. The money earned from a consignment auction is used toward the purchase of more dogs..

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